Browse Collections (17 total)


Chiang Kai-Shek (蒋介石)

Chiang Kai-Shek rebelled against the Qing Dynasty in his youth and went to Japan for military training. After the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, he joined…

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Chinese Civil War (国共内战) 1945-1949

The Chinese Civil War refers to the re-emergence of conflict between Nationalists and Communists in the immediate aftermath of the Sino-Japanese War.…

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Chinese Land reform (土地改革)

Land reform, in a Chinese context, denotes the abolition of the landlord class, returning farmland to peasants in the spirit of Sun Yat-Sen’s…

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Mao Zedong (毛泽东)

In 1893, Mao Zedong was born into a rich peasant family in the province of Hunan. Having moved to Beijing for an education, he encountered Marxist…

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The Chinese Communist Party (中共)

The Chinese Communist Party began as a small community of urban intellectuals sympathetic to Marxism. After being brutally purged from the city of…

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The Cultural Revolution (文化大革命)

The Cultural Revolution was borne out of a power struggle between Mao and reformers in the Chinese Communist Party who allowed for elements of private…

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The First Five Year Plan (第一个五年计划 )(1953-1957)

The first Five Year Plan was Mao's model for economic development adapted from the Soviet Union. The plan emphasized the rapid growth of heavy…

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The Great Leap Forward (大跃进)

The ‘Great Leap Forward’ is a term used to denote Mao’s Second Five Year Plan which was anticipated to run from 1958-1963. The main impetus behind…

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The Korean War 1950-1953 (朝鲜战争)

One year after the People’s Republic of China was founded, Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party were drawn into an international conflict of…

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