The Nationalist Party (国民党)

The Nationalist Party came to power after the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty which was supported by their founder, Sun Yet-sen. After ceding the presidency to Yuan Shikai who controlled a large army, the party struggled to reunite China during the warlord era but would do so under Sun's successor Chiang Kai-shek. Chiang purged the party of communists but re-entered into a united front with them in order to combat the Japanese menace. During the Second Sino-Japanese War the Nationalists suffered heavy losses but the tide turned once the US entered the conflict. The party lost the subsequent Civil War to the Communists and retreated to the island of Taiwan.


Lauren Walden